What is Synthetix?
Synthetix, formerly known as Havven, is a decentralized protocol that enables the creation and trading of synthetic assets, or "Synths." These Synths are digital tokens that track the price of a wide range of real-world assets, including commodities, equities, and currencies. The Synthetix protocol utilizes oracles, entities that provide external information to blockchains in a way that they can process to reflect the price of the underlying assets accurately.
To create Synths, users must first collateralize their SNX tokens, the native asset of the Synthetix protocol. Then, by staking SNX in the Synthetix pool, users can receive a corresponding amount of Synths, depending on the SNX they have staked. It is important to note that stakers must overcollateralize, meaning they must stake more value in SNX than the value of the Synths they receive back. This helps to ensure the stability of the system.
The Synthetix protocol also includes a marketplace called Kwenta, which allows users to buy and sell Synths easily. Kwenta functions similarly to an automated market maker (AMM) platform, a decentralized exchange (DEX) type that utilizes liquidity pools to facilitate trades. At the time of writing, the Synthetix protocol offers a range of Synths that track the price of popular cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. However, the team behind Synthetix has plans to expand the range of Synths to include a variety of other assets in the future.
The Role of SNX
SNX is the native token of the Synthetix protocol and serves several vital functions within the ecosystem. First and foremost, SNX is used as collateral to create Synths. As mentioned earlier, users must stake their SNX to receive a corresponding amount of Synths.
In addition to its use as collateral, SNX also serves as a governance token for the Synthetix protocol. SNX holders can propose and vote on changes to the protocol, allowing them to have a say in the project's direction. SNX holders are also eligible to receive a share of the transaction fees generated by the protocol in the form of rewards.
SNX Market Data
SNX, like many other cryptocurrencies, is subject to significant price volatility. Since its launch, the price of SNX has experienced several powerful price movements, both positive and negative. Therefore, as with any investment, it is essential to carefully consider the risks and research before purchasing SNX or any other asset.